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Kharkiv – the city of Universities – is the second largest city in Ukraine. It was the first capital of Soviet Ukraine. The city is located in the northeast of the country.
Kharkiv is a major cultural, scientific, educational, transport and industrial centre of Ukraine. Its industry specializes mostly in machinery. Among industrial companies are world famous giants like the Morozov Design Bureau and the Malyshev Tank Factory, leaders in tank production since the 1930s; Hartron (aerospace and nuclear electronics); and the Turboatom turbines producer. Kharkiv has a large number of museums, the most popular of which are the Museum of History, the Museum of Fine Arts and the Museum of Natural History. Pokrovsky Cathedral (1689) is the oldest building in the city, a brilliant reflection of the Ukrainian Baroque of the 17th century. Uspensky Cathedral is gold-domed bell-tower, now serves as an organ hall where you may listen to music of great composers Bach, Beethoven and others. Blagovishensky Cathedral - the biggest and most beautiful church in Kharkov. A well-known landmark of Kharkiv is the Freedom Square, which is currently the third largest city square in Europe, and the 7th largest square in the world.