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Centuries and centuries ago the land which name is Odessa now, was already populated by people. On the western coast of Kujalnitskiy estuary one of the settlements of people of paleolith epoch was settled down. Odessites hospitably accepted and placed everyone who was wondering in the steppe and when at least reached Odessa bay, unexpectedly understood that had to stay here forever, even at the time Before Christ!
The city Odessa was established in the eighteen century and swiftly developed in the first part of the nineteenth century and in the seventy's of the nineteenth century became the fourth Russian city ( after St.-Petersburg, Moscow and Warsaw) with its social and economic structure not similar to the other cities.
Odessa was one of the largest trans-shipment points not only of Russia but of Europe too and as it had the status of Porto-Franco, until the end of the nineteenth century it became one of the most rich and successful cities of Russia! The basic architectural styles, from classicism up to the variants of baroque and modernism, were presented in the city practically all. Considerable role in the development of the city also the number of people played who were vigorous and talented much enough to understand the potential of the city and to promote the development of its infrastructure. Their names are: Richelieu, Vorontsov, Levashov, Stroganov, Novoselskiy, Marazli and the others.
The southern Palmira, The Black Sea Babylon, Small Paris, The Capital of The South - these are some of the epithets that were given to Odessa! And it was not in vain, because when the city didn't exist yet and only the first harbor piles were put, people who watched this even then predicted brilliant future to the city, maybe they foresaw the birth of happy "golden city"!
Odessa is the largest port on the coast of the Black Sea in the South of Ukraine. It is a major industrial, cultural, scientific center and health resort of high countrywide meaning. Odessa occupies the territory about 160 square kilometers, stretches for 50 kilometers along the coastline of Odessa Bay and has population about 1.5 million of people. In Odessa here are about 1400 streets, avenues, lanes, boulevards and squares. The scientists say that in Odessa here are 15 square meters of greenery per every citizen.