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Storia di Kiev
According to the history, Kiev was founded at the end of the 5th – beginning of the 6th centuries by three brothers Kyi, Schek, Khoryv and their sister Lybed. The capital of Ukraine was named after the eldest brother KYI. Kyiv means the city of Kyi. Nowadays the city more known as KIEV (Russian spelling) since the Soviet times.
Many ancient tribes gathered around Kiev, and at the end of the 9th century the city became the political center of the Eastern Slavs. Christianity became the official religion of the Kievan Rus in the year 988, after it was introduced by Great Prince Vladimir. This helped to establish political and cultural relations. During the 11th and 12th centuries ancient Kiev Rus reached its greatest period of ascendancy. By the 11th century Kiev was one of the largest centers of civilization in the Eastern christian world. At that time, there were about 400 churches, 8 markets and more than 50,000 inhabitants in Kiev.
The mighty Kievan Rus began to decay after the death of Vladimir Monomakh in the year 1152. Then Baty-khan demolished Kiev in 1240. Kiev began to revive only in the 14th century, but in 1362 city was captured by Great Duke of Lithuania.
For more than one hundred years it was under the command of Lithuanian and Polish dukes. People's liberation war of 1648-1654 against the Lithuanian-Polish Yoke led to liberation. But Cossack armies, headed by Hetman Bogdan Khmelnitsky, couldn't manage to conquer the enemy without help from Russia. As a result, Ukraine plunged under a long period of domination by the Russian Empire. Since that time the history of Ukraine and Kiev was closely connected with Russian history.
Archeological excavations show evidence of the first settlements on the territory of Kiev 1500 to 2000 years ago.